Topics A to Z

As part of NEHA's continuos effort to provide convenient access to information and resources, we have gathered together for you the links in this section. Our mission is "to advance the environmental health and protection professional for the purpose of providing a healthful environment for all,” as well as to educate and inform those outside the profession.

In 2015, we are facing real budgetary challenges as the demand for public health services continues to increase. Attendees will see how both data and stakeholder input to help inform decisions about program priorities. This session will use 4 case studies to illustrate how to continue to strive for excellence, despite these challenges. The presentation will conclude with a summary of the changes made over the last 12 months and their outcomes and impacts.

 

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Workforce Development

Conference for the Model Aquatic Health Code: What is it? Why does it exist? Who are the members? How to get involved? This presentation will cover the basics of the CMAHC and why it’s important for the future of the MAHC. The lessons learned from early MAHC adoption activities will be shared. Be the first to hear the change requests submitted for the 2016 MAHC revision.

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Recreational Waters

Many states and some cities apply the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention's Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) Framework when preparing adaptation plans to respond to the public health effects of climate change. Yet, public health is local, very local. This informative and interactive session will allow you to examine exemplary BRACE Framework adaptation plans then draft your very own outline for a BRACE Framework specific to your local geographic and public health challenges.

 

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015

Environmental factors such as pollutants are asthmas triggers and are major contributors to asthma exacerbations. States must report on a county level for each of the six pollutants in the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Ambient Air Quality Standard. Using the results of this study, examine whether children living in non-attainment areas would experience higher asthma morbidity as measured by ER visits and hospitalization discharge rates than children from attainment areas.

 

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Children's Environmental Health

Abstract

The widespread use of hydraulic fracturing (HF) has enabled a dramatic expansion of unconventional natural gas extraction in the U.S. While life cycle greenhouse gas (LC-GHG) emissions associated with HF have gained attention in recent years, little focus has been devoted to upstream LC-GHG impacts of HF natural gas (Clark, Burnham, Harto, & Horner, 2013; Verrastro, 2012). Focusing on 1,921 wells in Pennsylvania from 2012 to 2013, we used the Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment model to assess LC-GHG emissions associated with production and transportation of chemicals and sand mining. Ton-miles from the transportation of sand and water were assessed with life cycle transportation emissions factors to generate LC-GHG emissions. LC-GHG emissions from upstream inputs assessed in this study equaled 1,374 tons of CO2e per well, but account for only 0.63% of the total LC-GHG emissions of HF natural gas. LC-GHG emissions from sand, water, and chemicals are quite small when compared with gas combustion, methane leakage, venting, and flaring from the other phases of the HF process.

November 2016
November 2016
79.4 | 8-15
Christopher Sibrizzi, MPH, Peter LaPuma, PhD, PE, CIH
Additional Topics A to Z: Hazardous Materials

Abstract

Entomological surveillance is an essential component for integrated vector management (IVM), the current best practice for West Nile virus (WNV) prevention and control. The significance of vector mosquito surveillance, however, is not always recognized by the public, which increases vulnerability of IVM programs to elimination or downsizing when virus activities are low, particularly during interepidemics of WNV. In order to increase public recognition, the unrecognized contribution of mosquito surveillance with gravid (egg-carrying) mosquito trapping to WNV vector control was estimated using a novel approach. This approach includes development of a quantitative model to estimate the number of female progeny from a gravid mosquito and application of the model with mosquito surveillance data to estimate the potential vector control effect of gravid mosquito trapping. Applying this approach, the potential WNV vector control effect of 2013 surveillance activities in Fort Worth, Texas, was estimated to almost 1,590,000 female mosquitoes by capturing 44,654 females. 

July 2016
July/August 2016
79.1 | 14-19
Joon-hak Lee, PhD, Brandon Bennett, MPA, Elmer DePaula, RS

Maricopa County Department of Public Health and affiliates administered a survey to evaluate designated cooling centers, which were created as part of a county-wide response to a spike in heat-associated deaths, primarily among the homeless population. Survey results highlight cooling center expansion opportunities, recognize best practices for communities with chronic environmental heat, and reinforce the need for community and governmental partnership. Attendees will leave with the information needed to set up a framework for conducting similar evaluation projects.

 

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015

This article characterizes the patterns of environmental health literature from 1993 to 2012 by using bibliometric techniques based on databases of the Science Citation Index and the Social Science Citation Index. “Research article” was the most widely used document type, accounting for 71.7% of the total records (5,053), and 94.9% of these articles were published in English. The number of environmental health publications is growing along with an increasing level of communication. The U.S. was the largest contributing country with the highest h-index (85) and the most publications (1,854), followed by the UK and Canada. Environmental Health Perspectives and the Journal of Environmental Health were the top two most productive journals. The most cited article in each main research area is also listed. The authors’ study not only identifies global characteristics in environmental health research, but also influences researchers’ selection of future studies and publications.

January 2016
January/February 2016
78.6 | 54-61
Guozhu Mao, Xi Liu, Huibin Du, Jian Zuo
Additional Topics A to Z: General Environmental Health

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