Topics A to Z

As part of NEHA's continuos effort to provide convenient access to information and resources, we have gathered together for you the links in this section. Our mission is "to advance the environmental health and protection professional for the purpose of providing a healthful environment for all,” as well as to educate and inform those outside the profession.

Article Abstract

Lead is known for its devastating effects on people, particularly children under the age of six. Disturbed lead paint in homes is the most common source of lead poisoning of children. Preventive approaches including consumer education on the demand side of the housing market (purchasers and renters of housing units) and disclosure regulations on supply side of the housing market (landlords, homeowners, developers, and licensed realtors) have had mixed outcomes. The study described in this article considered whether a novel supply-side intervention that educates licensed real estate agents about the specific dangers of lead poisoning would result in better knowledge of lead hazards and improved behavior with respect to the information they convey to potential home buyers. Ninety-one licensed realtors were trained for four hours on lead hazards and their health impacts. Pre- and postsurveys and a six-month follow-up interview were conducted to assess the impact of the intervention on their knowledge and self-reported behaviors with clients. The findings suggest that supply-side education could have a salutary impact on realtor knowledge and behavior.

July/August 2013
76.1 | 28-36
Rodney D. Green, PhD, Janet A. Phoenix, MPH, MD, Aisha M. Thompson, MBA
Additional Topics A to Z: Hazardous Materials

Chuck Lichon, R.S., M.P.H., Deputy Health Officer at District Health Department #2 in Michigan, developed a Children’s Environmental Health Power Point Program with the financial assistance of the Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI.  The Power Points are approximately 25-35 minutes in length, allowing for a presentation to be made during one classroom setting, or to be used for a community presentation, allowing time for Q & A.  Some of the topics include: Sunwise, Body Art, Household Hazardous Waste, Meth, Recreational Water, and more.  They are free to download and use for presentations in your school, health department community presentations, or for media use.  Changes in the presentations should not be made without consent from the author, and/or the NEHA Board of Directors.  

The Careers in Environmental Health PowerPoint is available via the link listed below:   

Chuck Lichon, R.S., M.P.H.
Additional Topics A to Z: Workforce Development

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) has recast the food safety landscape, including the role of the food safety professional. To position this field for the future, the National Environmental Health Association (NEHA) is proud to announce its newest credential — Certified in Comprehensive Food Safety (CCFS). 

The CCFS is a mid-level credential for food safety professionals. A professional that earns the CCFS credential will demonstrate expertise in how to assure food is safe for consumers throughout the manufacturing/processing environment. 

The CCFS credential can be utilized by anyone wanting to continue a growth path in the food safety sector, whether in a regulatory/oversight role or in a food safety management or compliance position within the private sector. The CCFS credential is a mark of distinction for those choosing a career in as a food safety professional in the manufacturing and processing areas. 

 

Publication Information: 
Certified in Comprehensive Food Safety (CCFS) Manual
National Environmental Health Association (2014)
356 pages, spiral-bound paperback.

Additional Topics A to Z: CCFS

So you are a Leader in the ever changing field of Environmental Health, now what? Which direction should you go and where should you focus your energies in order to be successful? This session will address specific areas a leader must address and provide proven tools and ideas to the attendee.

 

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Workforce Development

The Jamaican food safety regulatory framework is embodied in the Public Health Act of 1974 with public health inspectors/environmental health officers (PHIs/EHOs) empowered with its enforcement. The North East Regional Health Authority (NERHA) has consistently faced challenges in achieving national certification targets for food-handling establishments (FHEs). The aim of the authors’ study was to identify and describe noncompliant FHEs and to identify factors influencing their noncompliance. FHEs (N = 248) were randomly selected and each owner/operator targeted for interview. Substantially more FHEs were compliant and respondents from compliant FHEs were more likely to have a valid food handlers’ permit. Urban FHEs were less likely to be compliant than rural. The major barriers to compliance were forgetting to apply for a license and lack of money to correct infractions. NERHA should encourage FHE owners/operators to assume greater responsibility for the certification of their premises and to hold PHIs more accountable.

September 2015
78.2 | 20-26
Norbert Campbell, MPH, Jeffericia Johnson, MPH, Henroy Scarlett, MPH, DrPH, Sylvanus Thompson, MSc, PhD

Abstract

Characteristics of an urban setting such as New York City (NYC), including readily available putrescible waste and ample underground infrastructure, make it highly attractive to the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus). To identify property and neighborhood characteristics associated with rat presence, recent inspectional results were analyzed from over 77,000 properties in the Bronx and Manhattan. Variables capturing the location and density of factors believed to promote rat populations were tested individually and in combination in models predicting rat activity. We found that property-specific characteristics typically associated with high garbage volume, including large numbers of residential units, public ownership, and open-space designation (parks, outdoor recreation, or vacant land) were the most important factors in explaining increased rat presence across neighborhoods in NYC. Interventions that involved improved garbage management and street sanitation within a designated area reduced the likelihood of finding rats, especially in medium- and high-poverty neighborhoods. Neighborhood characteristics, such as being near a railroad or subway line, having a school nearby, the presence of numerous restaurants, or having older infrastructure, also contributed to the increased likelihood of rats. Our results support the use of built environment data to target community-level interventions and capture emerging rat infestations.

June 2016
June 2016
78.10 | 22-29
Sarah Johnson, MS, MPH, Caroline Bragdon, MPH, Carolyn Olson, MPH, Mario Merlino, MS, MPH

Abstract

In King County, Washington, the most frequently used alternative solvent to perchloroethylene is a hydrotreated petroleum hydrocarbon. The objectives of the authors’ study were to 1) determine the frequency of use of process chemicals used in “hydrocarbon” dry cleaning and gather other operational information; 2) chemically characterize the process chemicals; 3) characterize the still bottoms and separator water wastes according to dangerous waste and wastewater discharge regulations; 4) identify linkages between work practices, process chemicals, and the chemical composition of the waste streams; and 5) evaluate the aquatic toxicity of the hydrocarbon solvent and detergent. Many hydrocarbon dry cleaners are using process chemicals that contain hazardous substances, including trichloroethylene. One sample of separator water contained 13,000 µg/L trichloroethylene. This sample was determined to be federal hazardous waste, state-only dangerous waste (i.e., according to Washington state-specific regulations), and failed wastewater discharge thresholds. All still bottoms were determined to be state-only dangerous wastes. Efforts should be directed towards replacing hazardous spot cleaning chemicals with safer alternatives and ensuring that wastes are disposed of appropriately.

 

September 2015
78.2 | 8-13
Stephen G. Whittaker, PhD, Jessie Taylor, MS, Linda M. Van Hooser, MS
Additional Topics A to Z: Hazardous Materials

Chemical safety is governed by the federal Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which hasn't been updated since 1976. But chemistry hasn't stayed stagnant. New processes and products have emerged over the past 40 years. Where the federal government has stalled, the states have moved forward. Chemical bans and regulations now are law in 20 states, with comprehensive efforts being adopted in 6. Attendees will learn how chemical safety is being modernized state by state, preparing them for new regulatory schemes.

 

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Emerging Environmental Health

High profile cases of laboratory injury and even fatality draw attention to an alarming issue on many university campuses: lack of strict adherence to safety protocols. This study compares the efficacy of two methods of delivering annually-required training for chemical laboratory safety and hazardous waste disposal: in-person and online. Participants complete a survey instrument to test knowledge retained, and results will be compared to inform future training delivery.

 

Presented at NEHA 2015 AEC

July 2015
Additional Topics A to Z: Hazards

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