Use Planning and Design
In cooperation with the National
for Environmental Health (NCEH)/Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC), NEHA is partnering with the International City/County
Management Association (ICMA) to educate environmental public health
professionals and local government managers about the strategic
advantages of integrating health goals and land use planning and design
decisions. Specifically, NEHA and ICMA have developed four case
studies highlighting exceptional or creative solutions in local
government that integrate environmental health considerations into land
use planning and design. Currently, the full Tri-County
Health Department, Ingham
County Health Department, Seattle-King
County Health Department, and Delaware
County Health Department case studies are available here.
Also, don't miss "Role of Environmental Health Professionals in Improving the Built Environment,"
published in the July/August 2008 issue of the Journal of
Environmental public health professionals,
planners, architects, transportation engineers, county managers, etc.
and the community all play an important role to ensure that communities
have healthy environments and support healthy behaviors. These various
disciplines must collaboratively work toward: protecting the air and
water quality and open space, ensuring social equity, developing and
connecting sidewalks, trails and paths, streets, and nearby services to
encourage physical activity such as walking and bicycling, and providing
curb cuts for those with mobility impairments. Land use planning/design
decisions can have negative consequences on public health, ranging from
obesity and chronic disease (e.g., heart disease, diabetes, cancer) to
injuries related to traffic and pedestrian safety, and even
psychological stress. Additionally, planning and design decisions have a
direct bearing on access to health care, housing, schools, jobs, and
overall quality of life of citizens. Given the range of health
implications related to land use planning and design, it is pertinent
that health considerations are an integral part of any land use and
If you have any examples of policies and/or
programs that you feel are innovative or progressive in any way and that
involve interaction between environmental public health professionals
and local government managers/administrators, please contact Elizabeth Landeen,
Assistant Manager, (860) 351-5099. For useful Web sites
on the issue of land use planning and design and environmental public
health please see below:
Living by Design is a national program of RWJF and is a part of the
UNC School of Public Health in Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Extensive information and tools are available under the “Resources”
section of the site, including downloadable presentations, publications,
Living Leadership is a three-year national initiative of the RWJF to
support state and local government leaders in their efforts to create
and promote places, spaces, and policies that enable active living.
Living Research is a national program of The Robert Wood Johnson
Foundation created to stimulate and support research that will identify
environmental factors and policies that influence physical activity.
Findings are expected to inform environmental and policy changes
that will promote active living among Americans.
Planning Association (APA) and its professional institute, the
American Institute of Certified Planners, are organized to advance the
art and science of planning and to foster the activity of
planning--physical, economic, and social--at the local, regional, state,
and national levels.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Development,
Community and Environment Division. The EPA collaborates with
public, private and non-profit organizations to assess the environmental
implications of development practices, provide technical support and
information to communities, foster partnerships among stakeholders that
enable local formulation and implementation of development solutions,
and reward developers and localities whose actions and policies result
in environmentally sound development.
for Disease Control and Prevention. Interaction between people and
their environments, natural as well as human-made, continues to emerge
as a major issue concerning public health. This area of the Web site
provides a variety of resources and information on the various health
concerns related to the natural and built environment.
initiative encourages environmental and policy interventions that
will affect increased levels of physical activity and improved public
health. ACEs responds to data suggesting that characteristics of our
communities such as proximity of facilities, street design, density of
housing, availability of public transit and of pedestrian and bicycle
facilities play a significant role in promoting or discouraging physical
and Bicycling to School: Community Presentation
Kidswalk-to-School: A Guide to Promote Walking to School
City/County Management Association (ICMA)
is the professional and educational association for appointed
administrators and assistant administrators serving cities, counties,
other local governments, and regional entities around the world. ICMA is
also the organizational "home" for the Smart Growth Network.
Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents
Year: 2005; Pages: 24
Government Commission (LGC), Center for Livable Communities is a
national initiative of the Local Government Commission (LGC). LGC is a
nonprofit, nonpartisan, membership organization of elected officials,
city and county staff and other interested individuals throughout
California and other states. The Center for Livable Communities helps
local governments and community leaders adopt programs and policies that
lead to more livable and resource-efficient land use patterns.
Planning Tools to Create Active, Livable Communities
Community Design Fact Sheets for Safe Streets and
Healthy Communities Fact
Sheets in English
Calming and Emergency Response
Design and Emergency Response